After all, communication with wildlife brings us sparkling children’s joy, no matter how old we are. Zoos, at least large and good, are not just an attraction for bored tourists, but an important tool for preserving biodiversity, without which we would not have been able to find some species for a long time. Just in such, large and good zoos, where animals do not wriggle in cramped cages but are kept in conditions as close as possible to natural ones, and it is worth following this purest joy. Fortunately, they are on all continents. Well, except for Antarctica.
Perhaps most of all, not just large, but huge zoos in North America. There, in Canadian Toronto, is the largest zoological park in the world. Its area is 287 hectares, that is 410 football fields. Such open spaces, it seems, cannot be avoided in many days, but for people “only” 10 km of trails were laid there, and representatives of more than 500 species of animals, from Komodo dragons to polar wolves, run, fly, crawl and swim throughout the rest of the territory. Only about 5,000 individuals that willingly breed and reproduce in these free conditions here: in 2015, in Toronto Zoo, the first pair of cubs of a large panda was born, four rare white cubs and a polar bear cub named Juno.
And in 2016, the Indian rhinoceros Nandu was born. The animal baby has a special schedule of visits so as not to overwork. For human children, the zoo has a special play area where you can freely climb, ride the hills and run among the jets of many fountains, which is especially true in the summer heat.
Many US zoos deserve attention. For example, Colombus Zoo & Aquarium in Ohio, which is slightly smaller than Canada – 234 hectares, or the California San Diego Zoo. But … from every continent to the zoo!
In South America, zoos are more modest than those of their northern neighbors, but this does not mean that nature lovers have nowhere to go but to the Amazon rainforests. You can immerse yourself in the world of wildlife, for example, in the Argentinean zoo Temaiken. It is located in the town of Belen de Escobar, 50 km from Buenos Aires, and occupies 34 hectares. This, of course, can not be compared with the Canadian expanses, but more than the territory of our Moscow Zoo (21.5 hectares), one of the largest and most visited in Europe. Temaiken is divided into four zones: the first is inhabited by representatives of the local fauna, from capybaras to cougars, the second and third are reserved for animals from Africa and Asia, and the fourth is the Aquarium. In addition to the opportunity to watch animals, and some of them (pets), to pet and feed, there is entertainment for two-legged people who are not ready even for a day to break away from the benefits of civilization – a 360 ° cinema where a popular science video about nature is played.
National Zoological Garden of South Africa
In Africa, as you know, sharks, in Africa gorillas, in Africa, large evil crocodiles. And all these beautiful creatures (as well as many others: elephants, rhinos, lions, antelopes, vultures …) can be watched without any risk to life at the Pretoria Zoo, the largest in South Africa, which receives about 600,000 visitors annually. Founded in 1899, the park also boasts a unique collection of tropical plants. On an area of 85 hectares, 6 km of hiking trails have been laid; about half of this land is a plain, and the second part is a hill where the funicular goes. The zoo can be visited not only during the day but also at night, as part of special tours.
Choosing one of the many European zoos is not an easy task. The zoos of Berlin, Vienna, London, and some non-capital cities such as Kosice in Slovakia are worth a visit. And yet, it’s not about them, but about the Prague Zoo, which occupies more than 50 hectares on the outskirts of the Czech capital and is one of the first places on the list of its main attractions. Curious lemurs sit at arm’s length from taken aback visitors; it is important that zebras, giraffes, and elephants walk around the spacious savannah enclosure against the backdrop of gingerbread houses visible in the distance; Mountain goats famously jump up and down almost steep smooth rocks … Here you can enjoy spending the whole day with the whole family, including, by the way, your beloved dog. Yes, you can come with a dog to Zoo Praha!
Still, the rule “one continent – one zoo” is not suitable for Eurasia, it will have to be violated for the sake of singing in almost all the tops of the best zoological parks in the world of the Singapore zoo. Representatives of more than 300 species live on its 28 ha, 16% of which are endangered. About 1.7 million people visit the park every year, attracted not only by rare animals and lush tropical greenery but also by special programs such as “Breakfast in the Jungle” or night safari. There is also a river safari, a kind of “two in one” entertainment – water attraction ride, during which you get acquainted with the wildlife of the Amazon jungle.
Australia Zoo Steve Irwin
Australia has several large zoos, public and private, and each one is good in its own way. The one in Melbourne – the oldest in the country, opened in 1862. The Tarong Zoo, which contains more than 4,000 animals of various species, offers panoramic views of Sydney Bay. Well, Australia Zoo in Queensland, bearing the name of naturalist Steve Irwin, who died in 2006 on the set of a television program about sea animals from a strike of a stingray, is famous for the unique show of crocodiles and the fact that it was here that the elephant tortoise Garietta lived out, forcing Darwin’s grandfather himself . The naturalist brought a young tortoise to England from the Galapagos Islands in 1835, and a few years later she moved to Australia, where she lived safely until…the same 2006.