This is the deepest lake in the world, its depth is 1642 meters. For comparison, the bottom of the second deepest lake of Tanganyika is located at a distance of 1470 meters from the surface, that is, at Baikal, the gap is more than one hundred and fifty meters. Why is the lake so popular? We will explain now. We have compiled a list of nine places that we recommend visiting when traveling to Lake Baikal.
The island is home to more than one and a half thousand people, the land area of 730 square meters. km covered with dense forests. This is where the name of the place came from “python” in translation from the Buryat language means “forest”, and a distorted pronunciation led to the appearance of “Olkhon”. Nature here is diverse: steppes, groves, mixed forests, and swamps. Ferries and ships connect the island with large land.
You can not only arrange a camping trip with tents but also visit the local museum of local lore. It is located in a former school building and is dedicated to the history and culture of Olkhon. The Shaman rock is also widely known: in ancient times, shamans brought gifts here and offered prayers to the spirit who lived in a cave under the rock.
The Museum of the Irkutsk Scientific Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences explores Lake Baikal from all sides: changes in water composition, temperature dynamics, fish living in the lake and their population, as well as many other aspects associated with this beautiful place.
The exhibits are also somehow connected with the lake. Some excursions are devoted to flora and fauna, others offer to sink to the bottom of Lake Baikal (alas, virtually, but not actually), while others talk about the evolution of local nature and the changes that have occurred with the lake.
A seal is a species of the seal; Baikal seal lives in the northern regions of the lake, often animals go ashore near the Ushkany Islands in June. Seals are cautious and do not make contact with humans, so you are unlikely to be able to communicate with these animals in the wild.
There is two serpentaria near Lake Baikal – one is in Irkutsk, the other in Listvyanka. Viewers are offered an entertainment program with trained seals that perform staging numbers: they count, sing, play with the ball and even draw.
The mountain is located on the island of Olkhon, this is its highest point. The bench rises 1276 meters above sea level. It stands in the eastern part of the island in the middle of a picturesque landscape. Locals called this mountain sacred – it was believed that there was a house of spirits. Pilgrims from different regions came here to climb the Bench and honor the higher powers.
It will take about a day to climb, and you will need to get through the forest – there is no hiking trail as such. Also, tourists are advised to take a large supply of water – there are no clean streams on the mountain.
A small city was laid during the construction of the Baikal-Amur Railway. The plans were, as usual, Napoleonic: expected growth of Severobaikalsk to about 140 thousand inhabitants. For the past twenty years, the population has been falling year after year; at the moment, a little less than 24 thousand people live here.
What to see here? Firstly, the Baikal-Amur Railway is a grandiose construction, the construction of which required the mobilization of huge manpower. Secondly, there are thermal springs on Cape Kotelnikovsky, and there is a recreation center right there. From Severobaykalsk you can walk to Chersky Mountain, which is considered the highest point of the Baikal Range (2588 meters). Climbing is quite difficult and requires good preparation.
The lake appeared in time immemorial – it is believed that depression in the ground, which then filled the water, formed almost in the ice age. The lake looks excellent – dark blue water surrounded by wooded hills. About the same landscape was here hundreds of thousands of years ago.
There is a lot of fish in the lake, but fishing is better in other places – here dachas live – a relative of salmon, listed in the Red Book. But you can ride a boat. Perhaps Frolikha Lake is one of the most beautiful places in Baikal, and it is definitely worth seeing.
There are many sources of healing water on Baikal, which strengthens the immune system and heals the body.
A large source is located in the village of Arshan. It is recommended to drink local water for gastritis and stomach problems. Also known baths near the village of Pearls. Water is used here to improve the functioning of bones and joints, as well as for skin diseases. With sciatica and similar ailments, go to Snake Bay, where there are two sources with healing baths. In addition to these places there are many others; finding the right water will not be difficult.
This is a network of depressions that stretches from east to west for almost two hundred kilometers. In 1991, the Tunkinsky National Park was founded here. Among its inhabitants – red vole, ermine, northern pika and other animals, including many birds.
Of the cultural monuments of interest are the ancient Buddhist architectural ensemble Burkhan Baabai, the sacred place of worship of Bukh Noyon – a rocky outcrop of a marble site on the slope of the ridge, in shape resembling the shape of a bull, with widely spaced horns. For locals, a bull is a symbol of wealth, prosperity and power of nature. There are also churches here: St. Pokrovskaya, St. Innokentievskaya, Prince Vladimir, Peter, and Paul. On the territory of the Tunkinsky valley, there are also mineral springs.
The reserve was founded almost ninety years ago – in 1917. You can visit this place only upon obtaining permission from the administration of the FSBI Zapovednoe Podlemorye.
In the reserve, you can see a striking beauty phenomenon – lotus bloom. Most of the plants in the reserve are listed in the Red Book due to extinction or uniqueness. Among the representatives of the fauna, one can meet sables, squirrels, chipmunks, forest lemmings, red deer, wolf, ermine and many others.