How to surprise yourself if you have already seen almost everything? Remains exotic, such as inaccessible countries. But if, for example, it is difficult to get a visa to Turkmenistan, then it is also difficult to get to some regions. Antarctica is considered one of the most inaccessible places on the planet – not only because of its remoteness but also because the tour can cost like a budget car.
There are two ways to get to Antarctica – by water and by air. Several companies organize cruise ship tours. The cost of the trip directly depends on the conditions that you expect: a trip in standard cabins can cost less than 10 thousand dollars, while luxury prices reach extraordinary figures – 30 thousand euros or more. Ships come mainly from South America. From there, from Chile, planes fly. Alternatively, a departure from South Africa is possible. It would be logical to organize flights from Australia – the continent is located close to Antarctica. Such trips really exist, but for traveling from there you will have to re-qualify yourself as a scientist who works at the Arctic station: tourist flights from Australia to Antarctica do not include landings, only sightseeing tours. In principle, if you don’t flaunt, you can meet $ 5-8 thousand for a cruise along the coast of the continent with stops in interesting places. It’s still expensive, but for the sake of such an unusual trip, you can spend money. If you are ready for such expenses, here is a list of what you need to see in Antarctica.
It can be assumed that everything on the glacier should be dazzling white. But in 1911, scientist Thomas Griffith Taylor discovered an unusual phenomenon – the flow of red-brown liquid.
The explanation for this is simple. There is a lake under the glacier and water from it flows through a crack in the ice. The liquid turns out to be this color due to a large amount of iron, and its salinity is several times higher than ocean water, so it does not freeze even at -10 degrees. Despite the harsh conditions, many microorganisms live in the lake – scientists believe that such a life can exist in glaciers on other planets.
On the territory of the Argentinean research, the station is the Catholic Church – right in the ice cave. She works all year round. This is an interesting place for tourists, and faithful workers of the station come here for confession.
Obviously, this is the southernmost church on Earth. Inside there are several rooms with icons and crosses in the walls.
Strait of Lemaire
This is a popular cruise ship route that goes to the Antarctic Peninsula. The place looks amazing – dark water, snowy hills, glaciers in the middle of the strait. It is better to stock up on batteries and memory cards for the camera in advance.
A separate success is to meet whales and killer whales, which periodically swim here and go behind the ship.
On this archipelago, which is located near Argentina, the climate is much more pleasant than on the glacier itself. In the warmer months, it can be up to +15, and in the colder temperatures, it keeps just above zero. Usually, cruise ships come here on the way to Antarctica.
There are many penguins who have long been accustomed to people and allow themselves to be photographed from close range. They can be found here more often than people: fewer than three thousand people live on the foundations. Mostly local residents are engaged in sheep breeding for the sale of wool.
The sea washes Antarctica from the east, the coast stretches for eight hundred kilometers. There are many drifting glaciers and icebergs, which makes the place beautiful and gives an authentic look: coastal Antarctica usually looks exactly like this in the pictures.
In the second half of the 1950s, there was a Soviet scientific station called the Oasis, and now Australian researchers work at the Casey station near the Mawson Sea.