It is located in the Himalayas on the ridge Mahalangur-Himal. The shape of the mountain resembles a trihedral pyramid. The southern peak of Everest has a height of 8,760 meters and is located on the border of Nepal (Sagarmatha National Park) and the Chinese part of Tibet, the northern peak with a height of 8,848 meters is located in China. The southern slope of the Jomolungma is so steep that the snow cannot be held on it. From all sides, the mountain range is covered with glaciers ending at an altitude of 5 kilometers.
The climatic conditions in the Everest region are extremely severe. Apart from the winds, the speed of which reaches 55 meters per second, those who want to conquer a mountain peak will encounter low air temperature on their way. In winter, it can drop to minus 60 ° C, and in the warmest summer month (July), the air warms up to 0 degrees at best.
It would seem that in the summer on Everest it is quite acceptable conditions, but do not forget that at that time monsoon winds are raging, bringing with them a huge amount of rainfall. Summer snowstorms on Everest are so strong that even for experienced climbers, the continuation of the climb becomes impossible.
How long does climbing Everest take?
Before you go to conquer Everest, carefully weigh your strengths and capabilities. You will need a lot of time to climb. Expeditions for non-professional athletes are organized in May – the safest month in terms of climatic conditions. Total climb to Everest will take about two months, and taking into account the route to the Base Camp and possible unforeseen situations, the total duration of the trip can be more than three and a half months.
How to get to the base camp?
If you are not an experienced climber with dozens of conquered peaks behind you, perhaps you should limit yourself to climbing only to the base camp, located at an altitude of 5300 meters. Such a trip is quite safe and at a cost much cheaper than a full climb to the top of the mountain. However, most people who seek Everest want, if they don’t even reach the very top, then move as far as possible. Unfortunately, no one can give you an absolute guarantee of the ascent to the top due to the climatic factors described above and other circumstances, due to which the expedition may be interrupted.
Any expedition to Everest begins with trekking to the base camp. There are two such camps. One of them (Northern) is located in China in Tibet, the second (Southern) – in Nepal. In order to get to the Northern camp, you need permission from the Chinese government, which is very difficult and expensive to obtain. Therefore, the vast majority of travelers prefer to start climbing Mount Everest from the South Base Camp. You can get there in 11-14 days. The journey begins with a flight to the capital of Nepal- Kathmandu, from there on a small plane the group is delivered to Luklu (the flight takes about 40 minutes). The remaining 50 kilometers to the Base Camp will have to be walked. Tourist groups travel 4-5 hours a day and cover the entire route in about 9-10 days, depending on training and weather conditions.
How is climbing Mount Everest?
So, you got to Kathmandu, and from there to the South base camp. Recall that this route will take about two weeks. The logical question of many tourists: why the route with a length of only 50 kilometers takes about 10 days. This is due to the fact that the basic parking lot is located at a mark of more than 5300 meters, and the beginning of the route is at a height of just over 2000 meters. In order to prevent health problems, the climb should be gradual so that the body acclimates and gets used to living in conditions of oxygen deficiency. Just think, on top of Everest in order to take just one step, a person has to perform up to 15 breaths. Of course, in the transition to the base camp, the conditions are not so severe, but you should not neglect the safety rules.
To go through the adaptation, groups make acclimatization stops lasting 1-2 days for every thousand meters of climb. At the same time, it is recommended to drink plenty of water and listen most carefully to the reaction of the body. It is always better to go back for a short while than to overcome yourself and ultimately not achieve the goal.
In the base camp, those who want to go to the end will spend about a month, during which the necessary equipment will be prepared and checked, groups will be formed, and the body will undergo adaptation to mountain conditions.
Climbing to the mountain peak takes place in stages, with halts in high-altitude camps located at 5800 meters, 7000 meters, 7800 meters, and 8300 meters. Moreover, having risen to a certain height, for the night the group returns to a lower mark because spending the night at the maximum height for the day is very dangerous for health.
In addition to the most experienced guides, the group is accompanied by representatives of the indigenous population – Sherpas. They perform the most important functions: they help carry equipment, fasten the ropes and perform other work that even trained athletes cannot do.
It is worth noting that climbing to the highest point of the mountain from the mark of 7900 meters is far from always carried out, since there is the so-called “death zone”, from where the bodies of dead climbers are not even evacuated. Here you can only breathe with the help of an oxygen mask, and each step, without exaggeration, is given with great difficulty. If the group nevertheless reaches the top, after 20 minutes it will have to return, so as not to replenish the sad lists of the dead on Everest.
In addition to the lack of oxygen, other dangers await those who want to conquer Everest. The main one is the avalanche gathering, which always happens suddenly and has already claimed many lives. There is no protection against this phenomenon, and as a rule, few manage to escape.
Another common reason for the death of tourists is the harsh climate. Even experienced climbers were victims of snowstorms and low temperatures.
Equipment malfunction is another reason people are killed on Everest. Broken insurance, breakdown of oxygen equipment – all this can lead to the most terrible consequences.
Remember that climbing to the summit of Everest is not just a tourist route, but a risky and dangerous event that requires serious preparation. For those two months that the ascent will last, you will live in the most extreme conditions. Not everyone can do it.
How much does climbing Mount Everest cost?
We note immediately that climbing Mount Everest is one of the most expensive tourist events. The average cost of a trip is at least 55-70 thousand US dollars, depending on how it is carried out: independently or as part of a commercial group. The second option will cost a little cheaper.
The main expenses during climbing in the group will consist of the following amounts:
- 8 000-15 000 dollars – transportation and related expenses (flight to Nepal and back, flight from Kathmandu to Lukla and back, vaccinations, payment of hotels and meals);
- $ 2,000-3,000 – transfer to the base camp, which includes transportation of goods, meals, payment for passage through the National Park;
- Climbing Mount Everest will cost between $ 20,000 and $ 25,000 and includes expenses for the services of a communications officer and doctors, guides and sherpas, permission to climb ($ 11,000 per person), environmental tax ($ 4,000), route development, and tracking the forecast weather and other necessary expenses;
- Parking in high-altitude camps – $ 4,000-8,000 (food, service, equipment check);
- Equipment – 3 000-15 000 dollars (oxygen masks, tents, climbing equipment, medical kit, etc.).
In addition to the above, you should take into account unforeseen expenses and additional services that may be required during the ascent. These include:
- Urgent evacuation by helicopter – from $ 100 at small elevations to $ 20,000 at a serious height;
- Communication services – from $ 1,000;
- Flag setting – from $ 2,200 per 1 sq. Km. the meter of canvas;
- Tipping – up to $ 2,000.
Basically, Russian companies offer tours to the South Base Camp and vice versa. For example, such services offer:
- Alpindustria company.
- The Himalayan Glacier.
- Kailash Center and many others.
Climbing to the top of the mountain will require careful preparation, and associations of professional climbers in Russia and abroad can help you with this.
Requirements for those who want to climb Everest
The main requirement is the availability of free time and financial opportunities. Naturally, for a full ascent to the highest mountain of the planet, excellent health, reliable equipment, and climbing experience will be required. Without any of these components, you can try to climb, but only at your own peril and risk. In any case, before the start of the route, you will sign a paper stating that only you are responsible for yourself and in case of incidents you and your relatives will have no complaints against the organizers of the ascent.
As for the equipment, not everyone has a full set of professional alpine equipment. It is not necessary to purchase it, it is enough to agree on a rental. This should be done in advance so that it does not turn out that they can not help you in Base Camp.
The conquest of Everest is a dream of many, but not everyone succeeds in fulfilling it. The mysterious and harsh peak of the world, where, according to the legends of the locals, the gods live, submits only to the hardiest and brave, ready to overcome not only nature but also themselves.