This is one of the few active volcanoes in Europe. Although eruptions cause a lot of problems (for example, for air traffic), volcanoes steadily attract tourists. We present a selection of the ten most beautiful volcanoes and species that open from their top.
Saint Helens, USA
This active volcano last erupted in 1980. For 57 people, it ended tragically – that is how many lives this volcano claimed then. As a result of the incident, the height of St. Helens decreased by four hundred meters. Now there are no signs of an impending eruption and the volcano is open for visiting.
Travel companies organize excursions to St. Helens – you can either go on foot accompanied by experienced people, or book a helicopter tour. If you are used to traveling alone, then you are allowed to climb the volcano on your own.
In 2010, this volcano made a lot of noise. Airlines had to make adjustments to the flight schedule – for five days, the airspace of Europe was partially closed. The volcano is located about 125 kilometers from Reykjavik, so you can get to it quite quickly and inexpensively. But the main thing that is remarkable for the volcano is its name. American researchers have calculated that only five-thousandths are a percent of the world’s population is able to correctly pronounce this word the first time.
From Eyyafyadlayekyudlya overlooks the glacier, also another volcano is located not far from it. Its name is much simpler – Katla. In scientific circles, it is believed that Eyyafyadlayekyudl will wake the second volcano, which has already happened.
Cotopaxi is one of the highest active volcanoes. Its height exceeds many mountains – 5911 meters; climbing will not be easy. From the Quechua language, the name Cotopaxi means “brilliant mountain”, but there is also the option “smoking mountain”. Both are close to the truth: the top of the volcano is covered with snow, and eruptions occur very often.
Since 1738, approximately 50 eruptions have occurred. At the end of the nineteenth century, the volcano calmed down, but in 2015 it again reminded itself of itself by an intense eruption. Due to the snow during the eruption of lava, the appearance of lahara is inevitable – the so-called mixture of rocks, ash, lava, and water. It occurs when lava collides with ice or cold water. On the way to the volcano you can meet animals – here llamas, deer, wild horses roam. The tourist camp is set at an altitude of 4700 meters.
One of the most famous volcanoes is also recognized as one of the most dangerous – although it is difficult to say which volcano does not pose a threat during an eruption. Vesuvius is located 15 kilometers from Naples, it is a popular attraction.
Many people come here specifically to climb the top of the mountain with a height of 1281 meters. The volcano is famous for the fact that in 79 AD it destroyed Pompeii, as well as other cities of Ancient Rome. The last major eruption occurred in 1944. Then the funicular was destroyed, and there was only one way left to the top of Vesuvius – on foot. True, you don’t have to go so much: you can get up to a thousand meters by car, then leave the transport in the parking lot and walk a bit to the top of the volcano. It offers a panorama of the surroundings, where almost two thousand years ago there were cities that found themselves under lava in just one day.
Klyuchevskaya Sopka, Russia
Most of the eruptions of this volcano occurred in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the interval between emissions is approximately 5-7 years. The last eruption dates back to 2013, so you have two more years to climb Klyuchevskaya Sopka without a threat to life.
You can climb to the top by helicopter or on foot. The cost of the excursion may exceed one hundred thousand rubles, but this is more than compensated by the incredible views from the mountain.
Montagnes Pele, Lesser Antilles
The volcano is located on the island of Martinique, which belongs to France, although it is located thousands of kilometers from it, in the Caribbean. Like Vesuvius, Montaigne-Pele has many victims in his account. In 1902, he wiped out the city of Saint-Pierre along with 28 thousand inhabitants.
The last activity occurs in 1932. Now at the foot of the volcano museum is built, in which you can learn a lot about volcanoes and specifically about the history of Montaigne-Pelet. From the top of the volcano, the whole island is visible. Climbing is simple, no extreme.
It is curious that the mountain is privately owned – it belongs to the Shinto Great Temple Hong Sengen. This is the highest point in Japan – 3776 meters. The volcano is recognized as active, but the last eruption was three hundred years ago (in 1707-1708).
Fujiyama is incredibly popular, and the entire infrastructure around is superbly developed. You can relax in guest houses, and buying food, water, and other supplies is not difficult. There are several paths along which people ascend to Fuji. Usually, the climb takes from three to eight hours – depends on weather conditions and physical fitness. The mountain is part of the national park, so the attitude to ecology is special here; Littering is permitted only in designated areas.
This volcanic complex consists of a large number of small volcanoes and craters. The largest of them is Merapi, its height reaches 2803 meters. There has been no serious eruption for eighty years, since 1936.
Ijen is interesting not only for tourists but also for local residents who mine sulfur here. Working conditions are terrible, prospectors quickly pick up pulmonary diseases due to hydrogen sulfide, which is dangerous for the respiratory system. Tourists must wear a gauze bandage to minimize health risks.
The bulk of the volcano is part of the Hawaiian Volcanoes National Park. Kilauea (“strongly spreading” in Hawaiian) has been active since 1983 and does not seem to be going to fall asleep, so climbing it is not a good idea. But you can look at the volcano from a safe distance.
The volcano constantly smokes and erupts, lava flows from the cones. Despite this, he does not pose a serious danger to residents, the main thing is not to get too close to Kilauea.
White Island, New Zealand
The island is the only active volcano in New Zealand, the last eruption occurred in late 2012 – early 2013. The territory of White Island is completely empty, except for the volcano itself, there is nothing here. However, this does not prevent the island from enjoying success with tourists.
You can get to White Island by helicopter or by water. In the XIX and first half of the XX century, sulfur was mined here, but for a long time, the work was curtailed. Now only tourists and scientists studying the behavior of the volcano drop in here.